Countering Terrorism: Deterrence vs More Effective Alternatives

Author: Bruno S. Frey
Published Online: 2017-05-16
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/openec-2017-0002

source: Elliot Brown on flickr

We are happy to present an editorial article by Professor Bruno S. Frey. In this insightful text we can find extremely up-to-date question on effective counter-terrorism methods.

Open Economics: New Challenges for Global Financial Markets

source: Ken Teegardin / flickr

DESCRIPTION

The scope of this Topical Issue includes, but is not limited to, the following areas of research:

  • Financial crises
  • Ratings and rating agencies
  • Government policy and regulation on financial markets
  • Behavioral finance
  • Financial forecasting and simulation
  • Portfolio choice
  • Investment decisions
  • Capital structure
  • Information and market efficiency
  • International financial markets
  • Financial risk and risk management

HOW TO SUBMIT

To submit to this Topical Issue, please use Open Economics’ Editorial Manager system: www.editorialmanager.com/economics

Please remember about choosing correct Article Type – Research Article – TI: New Challenges for Global Financial Markets or Review Article – TI: New Challenges for Global Financial Markets to ensure that it will be processed with the highest priority.

Articles published in the 2017 volume of Open Economics are free of all Article Processing Charges.

Open Economics: Family and Health in the Age of Inequality

source: Jake Rustenhoven / flickr

EDITED BY

Thomas Baudin, Université Lille Nord de France, France

DESCRIPTION

The scope of this Topical Issue includes, but is not limited to, the following areas of research: 

  • Analysis of Health Care Markets
  • Health Insurance
  • Health and Inequality
  • Health and Economic Development
  • Public Health
  • Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
  • Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
  • Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
  • Marriage, Family Structure
  • Domestic Abuse
  • Fertility, Family Planning
  • Economics of the Elderly
  • Economics of the Handicapped
  • Value of Life

HOW TO SUBMIT

To submit to this Topical Issue, please use Open Economics’ Editorial Manager system: www.editorialmanager.com/economics

Please remember about choosing correct Article Type – Research Article – TI: Family and Health in the Age of Inequality or Review Article – TI: Family and Health in the Age of Inequality Topical Issue to ensure that it will be processed with the highest priority.

Articles published in the 2017 volume of Open Economics are free of all Article Processing Charges.

Open Economics: Developments in Environmental and Energy Economics

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DESCRIPTION

The scope of this Topical Issue includes, but is not limited to, the following areas of research:

  • Environmental policy
  • Natural resource conservation
  • Renewable resources – economics and policy
  • Decarbonization policy
  • Climate change and policy
  • Climate change adaptation
  • Natural disaster resilience
  • Energy markets and infrastructure
  • Energy efficiency and innovation
  • Environmental pollution and consequences of environmental degradation
  • Pollution-related health issues and their social and economic implications
  • Sustainable urban development
  • Economic aspects of sustainable agriculture
  • Economic aspects of environmental innovation and technology

HOW TO SUBMIT

To submit to this Topical Issue, please use Open Economics’ Editorial Manager system: www.editorialmanager.com/economics

Please remember about choosing correct Article Type – Research Article – TI: Developments in Environmental and Energy Economics or Review Article – TI: Developments in Environmental and Energy Economics to ensure that it will be processed with the highest priority.

Articles published in the 2017 volume of Open Economics are free of all Article Processing Charges.

Open Economics: Shadow Economy and Economics of Crime

source: Colin Brown / flickr

EDITED BY

Prof. Friedrich Schneider, Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria

DESCRIPTION

The scope of this Topical Issue includes, but is not limited to, the following areas of research:

  • Criminal organizations
  • Drug trafficking
  • Gun prevalence
  • Terrorism
  • Money laundering
  • Corruption
  • Illegal trade
  • Technology and crime
  • Crime reduction policies and crime prevention
  • Tax policies and tax evasion
  • Informal economy
  • Public sector and governance

HOW TO SUBMIT

To submit to this Topical Issue, please use Open Economics’ Editorial Manager system: www.editorialmanager.com/economics

Please remember about choosing correct Article Type – Research Article – TI: Shadow Economy and Economics of Crime or Review Article – TI: Shadow Economy and Economics of Crime to ensure that it will be processed with the highest priority.

Articles published in the 2017 volume of Open Economics are free of all Article Processing Charges.

The Growing Prevalence of Open Access and Open Source Initiatives in Economics

Author:
Pablo Markin
Published Online: 2017-04-30

In recent years, a growing number of universities support open access textbook initiatives aimed at lowering the education costs of social sciences students, such as in the field of economics. Thus, the OpenStax initiative of Rice University has supported the development of open access textbooks for both the Introduction into Economics courses and for more focused Principles of Macro-Economics and Micro-Economics courses. These courses are available both in web-based versions and as PDF-files. In addition to these materials, instructors can access course materials that can be used for graded quizzes and final exams. The macro- and micro-economics text books exist in editions that are oriented at both college-level students and high school students taking advanced-placement courses.

By Pablo Markin


The original  blog article and additional resources can be found at OpenScience blog.

The Impact of Market Forces on Open Access Journal Publishers

Author:
Pablo Markin
Published Online: 2017-05-05

As the largest open access publisher by the number of articles published, according to the Digital Archive of Open Access Journals, PLOS can serve as a case in point for this phenomenon. In September 2015, PLOS has announced that it will be raising the APC for its flagship PLOS ONE journal from 1,395 USD to 1,495 USD, as the first APC increase for this journal since 2009. While this can be conceived of as a minor business model change for an open access publisher that sports 7 OA journals and 5 channels for scientific sub-fields, such as Muscular Dystrophy, that have streamlined peer-review procedures, are partly foundation-supported and have no author-facing charges, a closer analysis indicates otherwise. At present, the APCs for PLOS’s OA journals range from 1,495 USD (PLOS ONE) to 2,900 USD (PLOS Biology and PLOS Medicine). The financial reports of PLOS for 2015, however, reveal that its approximate gross per-article revenues have amounted to 1,438 USD. In other words, given that the 2015 yearly gross publication fee revenues of PLOS have amounted to 44,604,000 USD, circa 31,000 journals have been published by PLOS in 2015, and that the average APC for PLOS ONE has been 1,420 USD for 2015, since the APC raise went into effect in October 2015, if all of these journals have been published in the PLOS ONE mega-journal, its gross APC revenues would have been 44,020,000 USD in 2015. Thus, in the year 2015 the absolute majority of PLOS’s revenues to the rate of up to 98% have been likely derived from APCs for PLOS ONE.

By Pablo Markin


The original  blog article and additional resources can be found at OpenScience blog.

A Partnership Highlights Impactstory’s Growing Clout for Open Access Content Discovery

Author:
Pablo Markin
Published Online: 2017-06-26

On June 23, 2017, Clarivate Analytics , a recently independent spin-off of Thompson Reuters, has launched a partnership with Impactstory, a non-profit organization that seeks to improve the visibility of high-quality, peer-reviewed Open Access content. In the framework of this partnership, Clarivate Analytics will provide grant funding to Impactstory, in order to secure access to its oaDOI service that increases the discoverability of Open Access content. While this deal promises to increase the efficiency and remove barriers between Open Access and pay-wall based content available via scientific publishers, it also indicates the growing inclusion of Open Access publications into the existing publishing ecosystem.

By Pablo Markin


The original  blog article and additional resources can be found at OpenScience blog.

The Continued Relevance of Peter Suber’s (2012) Book on Open Access

Author:
Pablo Markin
Published Online: 2017-06-18

Despite the elapsed time from the date of its publication, the digital supplement for this book provides further materials in respect to the effect Open Access is likely to have, such as a 2014 Australian study indicating that, other than its facilitating impact on scientific research, Open Access is also likely to make a positive contribution to policy-making, since it removes barriers to relevant findings that could be used for arguing for or against a particular policy. Recent evidence also supports Suber’s claim that Open Access increases citation impact. Moreover, as a model, Open Access raises the issue of editor remuneration, since it makes it possible to renegotiate the traditional journal publishing model according to which university libraries pay growing subscription fees to publishers, while editorial stuff performing most of the labor journal publication involves has to rely on external employment, such as at universities. Open Access also prompts public discussions on differentiating between the role scholarly articles play in the academic communities and economic models that subtend these.

By Pablo Markin


The original  blog article and additional resources can be found at OpenScience blog.

European, International Frameworks and Partnerships Likely to Benefit Open Access

Author:
Pablo Markin
Published Online: 2017-06-22

Over a year has passed since a call for the promotion of Open Access (OA) in the European Union (EU) has been made in May, 2016. The Brussels-based EU Competitiveness Council has set a possibly ambitious goals of making all scientific articles seeing light in Europe conform to OA requirements. In recent years, both individual EU members states, e.g., the Netherlands, and various EU bodies, such as the European Commission, have been issuing broad OA-promoting recommendations for improving the accessibility of scientific papers and research data. While the announcement of these OA guidelines has been acclaimed internationally and locally, such as by the he League of European Research Universities, the Europe-wide transition to OA remains fraught with challenges, not least to a relatively slow pace at which OA is officially adopted and extended, country-level horizons for a mandatory status of OA, as far as publishing scientific output is concerned. Furthermore, existing business models of journal publishers are likely to be able to accommodate OA via Green OA within the format of which a restricted-access period exists, even though governments and publicly funded bodies favor Gold OA, when access is immediate upon publication.

By Pablo Markin


The original  blog article and additional resources can be found at OpenScience blog.

Shadow Economy: Estimation Methods, Problems, Results and Open questions

Authors:
Friedrich Schneider / Andreas Buehn
Published Online: 2017-05-16

Abstract

This paper presents various methods used for estimating the size of the shadow economy. Each method is evaluated and its strengths and weaknesses are discussed, as well as results each method yields. The purpose of the paper is threefold: Firstly, to demonstrate that there is no single infallible method for estimating the size and development of the shadow economy and results can differ significantly between different approaches. The MIMIC approach, discussed in greater detail, is often used due to its flexibility. Secondly, the paper discusses the very definition of the shadow economy and factors contributing to its growth. Finally, latest estimations of the size of the shadow economies of 143 countries over the period 1996 to 2014 are presented.

Keywords: shadow economy estimatesMIMIC approachmethods to estimate the shadow economyadvantages and disadvantages of the methodsMIMIC-methodcalibration procedurelight intensity approach