European, International Frameworks and Partnerships Likely to Benefit Open Access
Over a year has passed since a call for the promotion of Open Access (OA) in the European Union (EU) has been made in May, 2016. The Brussels-based EU Competitiveness Council has set a possibly ambitious goals of making all scientific articles seeing light in Europe conform to OA requirements. In recent years, both individual EU members states, e.g., the Netherlands, and various EU bodies, such as the European Commission, have been issuing broad OA-promoting recommendations for improving the accessibility of scientific papers and research data. While the announcement of these OA guidelines has been acclaimed internationally and locally, such as by the he League of European Research Universities, the Europe-wide transition to OA remains fraught with challenges, not least to a relatively slow pace at which OA is officially adopted and extended, country-level horizons for a mandatory status of OA, as far as publishing scientific output is concerned. Furthermore, existing business models of journal publishers are likely to be able to accommodate OA via Green OA within the format of which a restricted-access period exists, even though governments and publicly funded bodies favor Gold OA, when access is immediate upon publication.
By Pablo Markin